Before we start, the very first thing you should do is call for emergency help (or if someone else is around make sure they call for help). Then, while you’re waiting, see what you can do to help the person. Also, make your safety a priority too.
Surviving a heart attack
Imagine someone getting a sudden heart attack on the street you are passing by. Or perhaps, it’s you who is having a heart attack. What would you do, especially if there is no one else around to help? In order to survive or help someone from a heart attack, you must first know the possible symptoms of the disease. A sudden pain in the chest, left arm or jaw is one of the probable signs of a heart attack. These are usually accompanied by sweating or breathlessness. Some people may even experience heartburn or nausea. The moment these symptoms surface, it is mandatory to stop doing any work, sit back, relax and call for medical help immediately. If you are not allergic to aspirin, then this medicine can also help in reducing damage to the heart.
Minor scrapes and cuts are quite common. You may incur such wounds while working in the kitchen or while participating in sports or other activities. It is essential to stop bleeding immediately to avoid any serious health complications.
- Wash your hands properly.
- If you can, elevate the wound above the heart.
- Remove any dirt from the wound and clean it properly with cotton or a wet cloth and apply pressure on the wound with the same. Apply continuous pressure till 15 minutes without checking if the bleeding has stopped.
- After the bleeding stops, you should cover it with a bandage. If the bleeding is severe, you must visit a doctor.
Saving from chocking
Choking can lead to death in no time. Choking occurs when a person’s airway gets blocked partly or completely. If you or someones else is suffering from choking, it calls for a quick action. Firstly, encourage the person to cough and try to clear the throat. If you see anything which is clearly blocking the airway and can be reachable with fingers, try to remove it gently. If there is a complete blocking, then the person may not be able to talk or cough and may even become unconscious. In such a situation, you should stand behind the person to help them bend forward and give support to their chest with your hand. Give blows on the person’s shoulder blades and back. Keep checking if the blockage has cleared. In case, you are unable to handle the situation, immediately rush the person to the doctor.
Exiting a building on fire
How many of us read the evacuation chart hung on the inside of the doors in the hotel rooms? Mostly, none of us. When you are in a building caught on fire, the first rule is not o exit via an elevator. Instead, escape through the stairs. The best way is to crawl down the stairs, rather than running down. Also avoid smoke inhalation as this may cause choking or other health hazards. Next time, you participate in a mock drill, lend your ears carefully.
Treating a burn
The moment you incur a burn, immediately put the burnt area under cool running water for around 10-15 minutes. Then, dry the skin gently with a soft cloth and apply a skin ointment. Always keep an ointment handy, especially in the kitchen as you are likely to incur most burns while cooking. Another alternative is to make an ice pack and place it gently on the burned area. A pain reliever may help to lessen the ache. For severe burns, do not hesitate to visit a doctor immediately.
Treating a snake bite
Any delay in treating a snake bite can lead to the poison spreading down the veins quickly. While you wait for a medical treatment, remove all the pieces of jewellery on the snake bite victim before the swelling starts. However, avoid rubbing the bite with ice or cutting/rubbing the wound.Try to comfort him and instruct him to not to move much as the movements can lead to a faster body poisoning.
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How to Perform CPR
CPR or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a lifesaving technique, which is especially used in he emergency situations, when a person suffers from abnormal heartbeat or breathing. It involves chest compressions at a very fast rate, as fast as at least 100 per minute as this helps in pumping the blood through the heart and allows it to flow through the body. The rescuer is also trained on how to exhale in the victim’s mouth or nose.
Understanding the First Aid
A first aid kit must always be kept handy in your home, workplace and car or while you are travelling. A first aid kit usually contains medicines to cure fever, headache, common cold and cough, ointments and solutions to treat minor cuts and burns, bandages, thermometer and pain relievers. Knowing basic first aid treatment, will help you handle minor cuts, injuries or fever, until a medical help is available.
Hyporthermia is a condition where a person’s body temperature falls below 95.0 °F. A person may suffer from mild to severe hypothermia, depending on his exposure to the cold atmosphere. In the case of severe hypothermia, the person may resort to paradoxical undressing, that is he removes all his clothes. This is because he feels that he is burning instead of freezing. He may freeze to death, if not attended to in time. During hypothermia, the first step should be to shift the person to a warm place and remove any wet clothes. Arrange for thick blankets and warm clothes to raise the body temperature. Give him hot soup or milk to warm up further.
Hypoglycemia is a condition where a person’s blood sugar level goes down. The symptoms include dizziness, weakness, fatigue, nervousness, anger, blurred vision and headache. While experiencing hypoglycemia, sit down and relax. If you have the blood sugar level testing kit handy, check your blood sugar level immediately or ask someone to help. If it is low, then immediate consumption of sugar, raisins, glucose tablets, candies, fruit juice or honey can raise the sugar level. However, do not overeat any of these. Keep checking your blood sugar level after every 15 minutes. Seek medical help if this does not help.
Handling an electric shock
In such a situation, you first need to turn off the power supply. Next, you should separate the person from the current’s source with the help of some wooden or plastic stick or a similar thing. Make the person sit back and relax. Call for the professional help immediately in case things do not work.
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How to Save Some One Who’s drowning
Drowning is one of the commonest causes of death around the world. Acquiring swimming skills can save you and others from this situation. In fact, you should also encourage the children and other family members to learn swimming. Even if you aren’t a skilled swimmer, you can still save a person from drowning by using a few simple steps.
- The first and foremost thing to do is to reach the drowning person.
- Lie down flat on the floor and throw a rope, a branch of a tree or a towel, so that the person can grab and reach the edge of the water body.
- If you have a safety ring handy, then it would be all the more convenient.
- You can also row a boat towards the victim and help him climb in to rescue him safely.
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